Porsche's Le Mans 919 Hybrid Turbo Four-Cylinder Engine - Engine Builder Magazine

Porsche’s Le Mans 919 Hybrid Turbo Four-Cylinder Engine

For the first time Porsche is showing images of the centrepiece of its Le Mans winning Porsche 919 Hybrid. Back in 2014, the company entered the FIA World Endurance Championship (WEC) with the most innovative drive concept on the entire grid: a turbo charged four-cylinder combustion engine.

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For the first time Porsche is showing images of the centrepiece of its Le Mans winning Porsche 919 Hybrid. Back in 2014, the company entered the FIA World Endurance Championship (WEC) with the most innovative drive concept on the entire grid: a turbo charged four-cylinder combustion engine to drive the rear axle, an exhaust energy recovery system, the latest lithium-ion battery technology for energy storage to serve the e-machine on the front axle, complex hybrid management – Porsche had set new standards in this technically most demanding world championship. In 2015, which was only the second year of competing, the team was rewarded with successes: A one-two result at the Le Mans 24-Hours and the manufacturers’ and drivers’ World Championship titles. The Porsche 919 Hybrid’s engine will be on display at race events, exhibitions and, of course, in the Porsche Museum at Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen.

The world championship engine with a capacity of only two liters is the most efficient combustion engine Porsche has built so far. It is highly remarkable for its compact design and it also became a trendsetter: the new four-cylinder turbo engine for the Porsche 718 Boxster picks up technology and know-how from the racing power pack. This goes, for example, for the interspace between the cylinders, the short stroke and the central direct fuel injection. Alexander Hitzinger, the Technical Director responsible for the 919, said: “Right from the beginning we had a brave concept, but it was also the right concept. This is paying off now.” As with every Porsche, the 919 Hybrid is being developed in Weissach at Porsche’s Research and Development center. Especially when it comes to the powertrain, Hitzinger’s crew works very closely with the engineers from production cars. “They support us significantly in the areas of combustion development and fuel-mixture generation,” said Hitzinger.

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Despite all its affinities, the 919’s four-cylinder isn’t a flat engine like the new turbo generation for the 718 Boxster, as instead it has a 90 degree V angle. The small powerhouse, with which Porsche took its 17th overall win at the Le Mans 24-Hours last year, had over 500 hp back then. However, for 2016 the regulations require a lower amount of energy from the fuel used per lap and have reduced the fuel flow for all the prototypes. For the Porsche race engine this results in a loss of 8 percent of fuel and, therefore, output which now translates into a figure of less than 500 hp. Together with the electrical energy from the two recovery systems (brake energy from the front axle and exhaust energy), which serve the e-machine on the front axle, the Porsche 919 Hybrid’s overall power system is now 900 hp.

The regulations for the top segment of the WEC (class 1 Le Mans prototypes, LMP1) require manufacturers to use hybrid drive systems. They also establish a direct link between the sporty performance of the prototypes and their energy efficiency. Put simply, this means that a large amount of energy from recovery systems may be used. However, this entails a proportional reduction in the permitted amount of fuel per lap. The WEC gives engineers a great degree of freedom in terms of the hybrid drive concepts that may be employed. The teams can choose between diesel and petrol engines, naturally aspirated or turbocharged engines, various displacements, and one or two energy recovery systems. This set-up puts the focus on innovations that will have a huge impact on future production sports cars – and this was actually the main reason why Porsche decided to return to the world of top level motor racing.

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The 2016 FIA World Endurance Championship (WEC) kicks off with the traditional Prologue in Paul Ricard, Southern France. For the season’s highlight in Le Mans a field which is stronger by two cars has been announced, which means 60 race cars will now compete on the famous circuit. Expansion has also happened to the race calendar: In 2016 the WEC will will run for the first time on the new Mexico City Formula One circuit. This increases the calendar to nine races in nine countries. With the exception of Le Mans, the races are always six hours long and the field will be 32 cars divided into four classes.

2016 FIA World Endurance Championship calendar:

3/25 & 26 Prologue, Paul Ricard (FR)
4/17 Six hours of Silverstone (GB)
5/7. Six hours of Spa-Francorchamps (BE)
6/5. Official test day in Le Mans (FR)
6/18 & 19 24 hours of Le Mans (FR)
7/24 Six hours of Nürburgring (DE)
9/3 Six hours of Mexico City (MX)
9/17 Six hours of COTA (Austin, Texas/USA)
10/16 Six hours of Fuji (JP)
11/6 Six hours of Shanghai (CH)
11/19 Six hours of Bahrain (BH)

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